CAREER COUNSELLING INTERVENTIONS
Development - Needs of the Disadvantaged
At the end of high school the young person is faced with important
questions linked to career development and planning for the future.
Children from more privileged homes begin to move towards career
preparation spontaneously. Career development for the less privileged
is not as smooth or automatic. Financial pressures require the economically
disadvantaged adolescent to begin earning as quickly as possible.
This situation creates certain unique career planning needs. Young
people from disadvantaged homes typically demonstrate a short term
view of the future that could cause them to enter the world of work
soon after high school, as unskilled labourers. This may yield an
immediate earning. However, in the long term, the unskilled young
person is on a trajectory toward chronic unemployment and under-employment.
We have observed that young people from disadvantaged backgrounds
view career preparation itself with scepticism. Negative career
beliefs predispose the disadvantaged student to place a low value
on developing work skills, appearing for and passing examinations,
completing high school and persisting toward career goals.