Effective career counselling comprises four components,
which we describe through our Career Discovery Equation.
Developing skills for comprehensive career counselling requires
advanced training and supervision and we do not present our aptitude
tests on this website. Readers are referred to our book Career
counselling: A handbook that presents our career counselling
techniques and models. Given below are two activities extracted
from this handbook that you could use as career counselling resources.
Kindly acknowledge the source of these activities, should you choose
to use them. Before you use these activities, please refer to the
section on multiple potentials in the research
section, to orient yourself to the framework we use for career counselling.
Activity 1: Frames of Reference
|Content and Objective:
The primary focus of
this activity is to give career aspirants a frame of
reference within which to observe themselves and get
to understand themselves better. As mentioned earlier,
the concept of multiple human potentials is used to
provide this framework. Frames of Reference is a brief
description of the multiple potentials framework for
- all of us have interests
- these interests could be categorised into families
|Duration of the activity:
30 to 40 minutes
Frames of Reference articles
Divide your group into five smaller
groups and give each
group one of the articles. Give them about 15 minutes
to read and discuss their article. Ask each group to
make a brief presentation about what they have learned
about the human potential from their article. At the
end of the presentation draw the various ideas together
to present multiple potentials as a framework for self
Given below are the Frames of Reference articles.
Please note that all the Research Papers are currently available
as downloadable PDF files.
You may require Adobe Acrobat Reader plug-in installed to
Download Acrobat Reader
Please click the file name links for download.
Activity 2: The Self Discovery Diary
(Excerpt from Career Counselling: A handbook, Copyright Gideon Arulmani
and Sonali Nag--Arulmani, Tata McGraw Hill)
|Content and Objective:
Everyday is filled with
experiences. Different experiences cause us to dip into
different facets of our personalities and capabilities.
This is a self-discovery exercise you could do on your
own, to help you get in touch with your interests. Use
the self-discovery diary format given on this page.
- Interests are activities that we enjoy and are drawn
- Careers that are linked to personal interests would
be careers that you enjoy
|Duration of the activity:
This is an activity that is conducted
in three parts over a period of approximately four weeks.
The introductory section during which the participants
are taught the method usually takes between 45 to 60
minutes. The second part occurs over about 4 weeks during
which time participants work on their Self
Discovery Diary. The concluding part
usually takes 45 to 60 minutes, when the facilitator
helps participants interpret their records and identify
their interest areas.
Diary Worksheet (Downloadable as PDF file - 14 kB)
Step 1: Use the Frames of Reference
articles to discuss what interests are and how they
could belong to families.
Step 2: Present the idea of the Self-discovery
Diary. A completed worksheet is provided as an illustration.
Step 3: Go over the steps described
in the worksheet. Use the completed worksheet as an
example to illustrate how the diary is to be maintained.
Describe what sort of experiences participants could
select. Once participants have understood the technique,
they are to start working on their diaries for the next
Step 4: It is essential that at least
10 experiences are recorded and rated for each of the
potential areas. It is therefore important that the
facilitator keeps in touch with the participants over
the four weeks. In situations where a career aspirant
is unable to find opportunities for experiences in a
particular potential area, the facilitator is required
to try and create these opportunities. The success of
the exercise depends directly on the range of experiences
the individual is exposed to.
Step 5: Once a sufficient number of
activities have been recorded, the facilitator focuses
on helping participants score their diaries.
Scoring: Participants are to total
up the ratings for each potential area separately to
get their Total Score
The Total Score is to be divided by the number of experiences
recorded for each potential to obtain the Average Score.
The Average Score will always range between 1 and 5.
Step 6: The Average Scores are used
to help the participant obtain a profile of personal
The top two scores are usually selected as indicative
of the career aspirant’s highest interest areas.
Career counselling: A handbook
This is a handbook written by Gideon Arulmani and Sonali Nag-Arulmani,
that is based on 15 years of research and practice in the area of
career counselling. The book is currently in press, published by
Tata McGraw Hill. Some of the highlights of the book:
- Written for practitioners, researchers and academics
- Blends theory with practice
- Presents a model for career counselling in India
- Carries special contributions by internationally acclaimed
- Carries ready-to-use photocopiable worksheets
- Describes how a career counselling service could be set up
- Presents a sample plan for a 12-session, school-based career
- Carries a special section on career counselling for young people
from disadvantaged homes